Davana Essential oil is usually steam distilled from flowers and leaves of the shrub, Atremisia Pallens, which turns out to be its Botanical name. This shrub is indigenously found in India. Davana oil is traded worldwide for its many health benefits and mostly its sweet scent. It can be blended with rose and other floral to achieve a desired fragrance.
Background and History of Davana Oil
Davana Oil become Known and popular between the 20th century. In this century, it attracted perfumers In the United States and Some flavor specialist in the Asian Countries like Japan. Flavor specialist used it as an ingredient in beverages, bakery and tobacco. Davana Oil was also used in traditional Chinese medicine; generally it was used in the basic medicine sector and optional medicine sectors too. Davana Stem, leaf and the flowers were used to make antibiotics and disinfectants. Disinfectants were used to treat coughs, cold, cuts, wounds and such like diseases. It was used to treat viral diseases too. Other medicinal purposes included, relaxing constricted blood vessels and muscles, joint pains and to heal depression, stress and anger.
Davana Essential Oil Details
This Oil is of a Burnt Orange in color, has a thick consistency, a basic perfume note and a moderate strength of initial aroma.
Davana Oil Aromatic Description
It is fruity and slightly woody with a vanilla taste, and a fine camphorous note
Historical uses of Davana Oil
Indians use Davana Oil during their Idol glorification. Davana is used in native Indian type of healing called Ayurveda to treat depression, coughs and colds, measles infections, diabetes mellitus, mental disorders, blood pressure disease, mental disorders and many other infections.
Atremisia Pallens leaves, flowers and stem are used for many medicinal purposes. They are used to make antiseptics and disinfectants that are used for fast treatment of cuts or wounds.
Davana Oil Chemical Constituents
This oil oil contains Hydroxyl-Davanone, Isodavanone, Davanone, Davanic Acid, furans, Cinnamyl cinnamate, Nerol.
Davana Oil blends with the following: cedar wood, coriander, grapefruit, Neroli, geranium among others.
Medicinal Benefits of Davana Oil
Davana Oil builds up a potent protection against viral attacks. This oil raptures the protective membrane of viruses referred to as the cyst, and therefore kills the virus. It cures viral infections mentioned above like, cough and cold, measles, among others.
Davana as a Disinfectant
Davana oil strongly fights infections and kills micro bacteria causing diseases. It is also used as sprays, vaporizers and fumigants; it disinfects and makes a place free from microbes. This might be the reason why the Oil is also used during religious worship.
Davana Essential Oil brings a relaxing effect in blood and muscles constrictions. It also relaxes the brain and nervous system, hence relieves pain and anxiety, depression and stress.
As an Antiseptic
Davana fights both external and internal infections caused by bacteria. It kills bacteria in body parts like urethra, kidneys and other delicate body parts. It can also be used as a vaccine against infections like tetanus. The oil should be diluted when being applied on cuts and wounds. This should be done immediately when one gets a cut or bruises.
It also helps to unblock menstruation cycles and to regulate an irregular menstrual cycle. It relieves abdominal pain associated with menstruation, nausea and fatigue.
As Syrup for Soothing Cough
Davana essential Oil acts as a pain reliever. It loosens tough coughs and clears depositions in the respiratory systems. Breathing becomes easier as it relieves congestion that cause coughs.
A Natural Perfume
Davana oil is a unique perfume in a perfume industry for its fragrance and hence makes each one that uses it different in their own way. A single shrub of Davana is capable of scenting a whole garden and hence manufactures a high quality perfumes and food agents in the food industry.
Davana Oil Recipes and Applications
Used as Body Butter
Melt one ounce of Jojoba oil and Cocoa butter under low heat. Measure 10 drops of Davana, 5 drops of cocoa, 2 drops of Nutmeg, 3 drops of Cardamom and 10 drops of Vanilla. Mix well and as it cools down and thickens, apply to dry skin.
As a Sugar Scrub
To scrub the skin and give it a fine smooth feeling , blend 10 drops of Davana Essential Oil, 10 drops of Atlas, 12 drops of tangerine and 2 drops of vetiver. Add half a cup of sugar, quarter cup of Jojoba oil, and a quarter cup of Sesame Oil. Scoop the blend using a spoon and massage gently on skin. Rinse your skin well and dry it out to prevent moisture from escaping. Do not scrub your wet skin to avoid contamination.
Add the following number of drops of Davana Oil to your personal inhaler and diffuse for 30 to 60 minutes. Five drops of Davana Oil, 10 drops of Mandarin and 2 drops of Ylang Ylang.
As a Massage Oil
Combine the following amounts of Oil drops and blend well for bathing and use as massage Oil. Add 8 drops of Davana Oil, two drops of Ylang Ylang, 5 drops of Chamomile and 5 drops of Orange oil to a 4 ounce bottle.
Essential Oil Shelf Life
When Davana Oil is pure and is not mixed with any other thing, it does not go bad, though when stored for longer periods of time, it oxidizes. Its value, medical level and its cent goes down. Davana Oil lifespan can show big differences form one vegetative origin to another, from one distillation process to another, from one distributor to another, among others. Davana Oil’s shelf life can also be directly affected by the following factors, the method of distillation, the conditions used during the process, the quality of its vegetative origin, chemical contents present in the essential Oil and lastly the method used in storing of the Oil.
It is always safe to buy Davana Oil from your trusted supplier. Some suppliers are discreet and hence don’t print validity dates on their products, therefore it is advised to buy from responsible sellers who keep their products in safe conditions so as to maintain their Original quality.
Davana Oil Lifespan
Oils that contain hyponyms are prone to Oxidation than ones that are not, therefore they tend to have a shorter shelf life examples include Angelica Roots and their shelf life averages between 1 to 2 years. Oils that contain high amounts of Sesquiterpenes have the longest shelf life, although their qualities still diminishes with time. These types of Oils have a life span of about 4 to 8 years.
Davana oil shelf life can be increased by keeping them in dark bottles, mostly glass bottles. Your storage containers should always leave a minimal air space for air when tightly closed. This means that we should always rebottle to a smaller bottle after using Oil from the larger one. Keeping the Oil refrigerated also helps to maintain its condition and makes it last longer.
Safety Information Concerning Davana Oil
We should never apply undiluted oil without an aromatherapist prescription whatsoever because it usually contains higher amounts of carbon dioxide gases which makes it concentrated and risky. This Oil should never be taken internally. Pregnant women and cancer patients should never use it with guidance from qualified aromatherapist. We should be very keen when using Davana Oil on children too.
Import and Export trends of Davana Oil
Major consumers of Davana Oil are India, the United States of America, France, Germany, United Arab Emirates, Netherlands, United Kingdom among others. One kilogram of Davana goes for Rs.16000. In countries like India, demand is becoming low due to its high price, Indian demand about 500 kilogram per year and exports about 2000 Kilogram per year which totals to 2500 kilogram per year, however countries like USA, Japan and Europe are showing continuous increase in the demand of Davana Oil for use in expensive beverages, tobacco, cakes, perfumes, and pastries.
Davana Oil Manufacturing process
Davana oil is mostly cultivated in South Indian regions with red soils. It does very well in rich loamy soils.
Cultivation process of Davana
Davana is an annual shrub, needs four months to reach maturity, grows to a height of about one and half feet. Substantial care is needed during cultivation and harvesting of the crop. Research findings show that there are two distinct varieties of plant that exist. This is a huge factor when it comes in the production of Davana oil. When Davana is grown for Oil production, season becomes an important factor unlike when it’s grown for bouquets and for use in the cycle.
The crop cannot withstand heavy rains. Particularly when it’s raining, the crop is blooming and harvest is almost near.
Davana yields up to 14 tonnes of its vegetation per hectare, and when dried and distilled, it yields about 10 kilograms of Oil. Factors affecting the quality of Oil include the following, method used when drying the herbage and harvesting the crop when it’s completely mature. An average yield of 3.19% from a dried material is considered satisfactory in a large scale production during distillation.
The Oil content in Davana herb is maximum in the flower head than in its leaf or stem part. During harvesting of Davana Oil, the flowers contribute up to 45% out of the total weight of the plant material, while its only 30% of the rational crop.
Distillation Process during Davana Oil Production
The whole Davana herbage is dried under a shade for about two to three days. After this stage, it is then steam-distilled to get the Oil. Herbage is boiled in large boilers, then distillation process follows, and afterwards condensers and receivers.
The distiller is made up of steel, it has a perforated metal sheet at the bottom to hold the herbage waiting distillation. The loading and offloading process is done by the help of a pulley system. The herbage is evenly packed into the steel chamber or steam way might be formed during the distillation process and bring about low yields.
A condenser brings a cooling effect from the liquid vapors in the boiling chamber. It is structured by stainless steel mounted inside the cover. The condenser has an inlet and outlet pipes made of steel and this plays a bigger part in providing a cooling surface area. The liquid that condensate on the cooling tubes are then directed into the receiver.
Function of the Receiver
The receiver contains water in it and as the liquid from the boiling chamber condensates and delivered into it, it floats on the top due to the insolubility of Oil with water. The receiver is designed into two compartments to trap any Oil that escapes from the first compartment during water drainage.
One distillation is carried out for about 6 to 8 hours, the distillation is preferably carried out at atmospheric pressure to prevent any kind of burnt odor in the Oil. The Oil should not contain any sediment, anything that occupies space in it or even moisture before storing. Storage is done in aluminum containers which are filled to the brim to exclude air that might cause oxidation. Oil content in Davana herb is maximum in the flower and lesser in the leaf and stem. The following table has percentage yield-details of Oil on every part of Davana plant.
|Air dried part
|Oven dried part
|Whole Davana Plant 0.39
|Davana leaves 0.55
|The Leaves 0.18
|Stem part 0.11
Davana Oil First Aid Measures
A general advice always given to everyone is to always consult a qualified aromatherapist.
If inhaled: If Davana Oil is taken through the nostrils, take the person outside to get some fresh air, or give an artificial respiration, and consult a physician.
In the event that it comes to the skin contact: wash thoroughly with plenty of water and consult a physician immediately.
If in case it comes to contact with eyes: Flush your eyes with plenty of water and see a physician.
In the event its swallowed: don’t trigger vomiting, but instead consult a physician and avoid taking food by mouth at the moment.
Firefighting Measures Of Davana Essential Oil
The suitable extinguishing media in case of Davana Oil firefight is alcohol resistant foam, dry carbon dioxide, and water spray, firefighters are advised to wear a self-contained breathing equipment if need be.
Accidental Release Measures of Davana Oil
On emergency procedures, protective equipment and personal precautions: Use protective gears. Prevent yourself from vapors, gases. Create enough ventilation, and evacuate labor force to a safe place.
On environmental measure: Do not let the product run into drains in case of leakages. Further leakage should be stopped.
Methods of cleanup and materials of containment: Keep in suitable closed containers for confiscation. Soak up with inert spongy material and confiscate any waste that could be hazardous.
Handling and Storing of Davana Oil
Safety measures during handling: One should avoid any contact with skin and eyes and avoid its inhalation, its vapor or mist.
Safe storage conditions including compatibilities: Always store in a cool and dry place. Always keep the container tightly closed and in a well ventilated area. Keep containers upright to avoid any kind of leakages.
Controls against Exposure
Choosing the right engineering controls
handle with the right industrial measures and safety practices. Wash hands before taking breaks and after work.
Personal protective equipment necessary
You need face and eye protection. Use face and eye protection covers or glasses especially one that is recommended by the governing standards. For skin protection, always handle with protective gloves. The gloves must be inspected prior to use. Proper glove removal technique is exercised to avoid any contamination. Gloves are disposed after use according to the applicable law. Always wash hands after all practices.
Body protection measures: A complete overall suit is required during handling to avoid concentrated or dangerous substances to contact the body
Respiratory System Protection
If assessment shows that air purifying apparatus are required, it is always recommended to use a full-face respiratory system protector. That would be thee US multipurpose combination respirator with cartridges which helps as a backup to engineering measures. Ensure the respirator components are of standards in accordance with the governing standards.
Measures on environment exposure
Prevent leakages and spill and do not let it enter drains.
To summarize, Davana oil is used as a multi-purpose essential applied in many fields in the society. These Oils have sweet refreshing fruity aroma. Can be used as antiseptic, antiviral and generally to fight diseases. Davana used in some religious practices too.
Davana Oil is used also in Chinese medical practices and in Japan as we saw earlier, is used by flavor specialist in the food and beverage industries. We have also seen some safety measures and precautions taken while handling Davana Oil in the manufacturing industry. This shows that even though the Oil is used for different purposes in life, Davana Oil can be hazardous too. Precautions can also be taken when used by pregnant women or else get advice from a qualified aromatherapist. Lastly we have seen Davana to blend with different Oil to make some desired fragrance and to improve the qualities of its lifespan.